Paintings from Brazil
Painting in Brazil raised in the end of 16th century, and Baroque was the most influential style of that time. The style was imported from Portugal and remained a dominating art school until the 19th century. The art mostly flourished along the settled territories of coastal area.
One of the most noticeable Brazilian artists was Manuel da Costa Ataide who worked in the end of 18th – beginning of 19th century. He was a head of first Brazilian art school and is famous for his original and a bit personal interpretation of Rococo. Working in this style, he displayed angels and saints with mulato appearance — brave and innovative approach for that time.
Arrival of Portuguese court and massive shift in Brazilian art
The beginning of the end of Baroque era was in 1808 when Portuguese court arrived to Brazil, banished from Portugal by French invasion. Year 1816 was marked by foundation of French Artistic Mission — an art school of several French painters who came to Rio de Janeiro under auspices of Portuguese court. The role of this school was to introduce Neoclassicism to Brazil and became first teachers of Brazil artists, bringing European academic knowledge, skills and painting traditions.
The following 70 years was a period of ongoing development of Brazilian art. Imperial Academy of Fine Arts was an influential organization which dictated the art standards, bringing to the top Neoclassicism, Realism and Romanticism. But the artworks were created under the strong impact of local traditional art and depicted, together with historic events, battles, landscapes and still life locals and elements of their lives.
Fall of monarchy and introduction of Abstract art
With the fall of monarchy Imperial Academy of Fine Arts was renamed into National School of the Fine Arts, and in 1931 it became a part of University of Rio de Janeiro. Week of Modern Art in 1922 became the beginning of a new art trend, introducing the Modern art to local artistic society which led to fast development of Cubism, Expressionism and Surrealism. These were the leading styles until the Abstractionism appeared in 1950s. In the next years Brazilian art faced development of dozens of new styles and movements.
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