Paintings from Russian Federation
History of Russian art is long and diverse — during the centuries various fundamental schools and movements developed at the territories of modern Russia and former Russian Empire.
Russian visual art
Russian art is widely known over the world. One of the most recognizable examples of handicraft, often associated with the country, are matryoshka dolls and traditional crockery decorated in khokloma style. But history of Russian art includes a long list of outstanding artists who created works that challenged and changed the world of art.
The first important and widely spread painting technique was icon painting. This style developed after the baptizing of Kyiv Rus' in 988 AD and brought Byzantine art which was dominating as there weren't Romanesque or Gothic art here. Examples of magnificent frescoes and icons are considered as an example of perfect skills, and Anrey Rublev who worked in 14–15th century is the most known icon painting artist.
Up to the end of 17 – beginning of 18th century icon painting was a leading style. Firs attempts to change it were made in the mid of 16th century when Ivan the Terrible allowed artists to portray nobility as well as religious topics. In the end of 17th century under the patronage Europe-oriented Peter the Great non-religious forms of art started to develop.
The emperor hired architects for building beautiful palaces and paid for artists' education in European schools. That led to flourish of portrait painting in 18th century, and some artists also started to work in Rococo style. In 1757 the first in Russia Russian Academy of Arts was established, and that was a beginning of significant raise of Russian art.
The 19th century was a period of total Realism art dictation and led to appearance of Peredvizhniki (Wanderers) art school who were inspired by Russian nature and painted numerous landscapes. Twentieth century brought a total freedom for artists who started to experiment with styles and work in avante-garde style. This was a modernist art style which developed between 1870–1930 and involved dozens of world-known artists.
Contemporary Russian art in online gallery ART.biz
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