Paintings from Spain
Fine art in Spain is passionate and vivid just like the country itself. The history of art development is similar to most of European countries, with a Romanesque and Gothic periods. The highest development art got in the Golden Age era.
Golden Age of Spanish painting
The Spanish Golden Age is a period of political, cultural and scientific stability and growth which last approximately from 1492 to 1659. The apogee of this period growth were Columbus journeys sponsored by the crown. Fine art world also faced significant development — the most known and respected Spanish artists created their masterpieces at that time.
Great influence on Spanish art made Italy. During the Italian Renaissance an effective intellectual connection existed between two countries. Unlike Germany, Spain took a strong counter-reformation position, and most of artworks were created under the influence of Catholic church. Monarchs and aristocracy supported art and put serious effort into its development.
Early artworks of that period represented a mix of Baroque and Spanish traditional art. The predominating approach was to depict images in a naturalistic way. El Greco, the most famous painter of that time, were the first to raise again this tradition and work in Mannerist way making his artworks less naturalistic but more expressive.
Diego Velazquez, other famous artists of the Golden Age, specialized in portrait painting, but his works were rather daring. He pictured lower class people (beggars, dwarfs) in much more technical and quality way than royal members. Gods and angels on his paintings are depicted as common people which was a brave decision at that time.
20th and 21st century in Spanish art
As in all other countries of Europe, in Spain 20th century brought a quick and versatile development of different art styles:
- Salvador Dali and Joan Miro worked in Surrealism style;
- Joaquin Sorolla worked in Impressionism style;
- Pablo Picasso glorified Cubism all over the world;
- Nestor Martin-Fernandez de la Torre is the most recognizable Spanish Symbolist.
Contemporary painter from Spain continue to work mostly in Cubism, Surrealism, Impressionism and Symbolism styles creating artworks that look like folk art paintings painted within modern style and with a help of innovative media.
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