Paintings from United Kingdom
When we talk about UK art, we mean all artworks which were created after 1707 — the year of Kingdom of Great Britain foundation. Artworks created before this time are considered as English, Scottish, Irish or Welsh art.
Brief history and overview of UK art
In 18th century Great Britain became a powerful country thank to Industrial revolution and colonization of new lands. More people became wealthy and started ordering works from artists — mostly portraits, landscapes and decorative art elements.
The period between 1700–1900 is characterized by 2 huge movements: English figure painting that included magnificent portraits and English landscape painting which included several schools and world-known names.
Landscape painting had a huge raise at that period. English Landscape School experienced a huge influence of Dutch art. The first pure landscapes with nature as a main object were painted on the north of the country. The most noticeable landscape artists of 19th century J.M.W. Turner and John Constable had a very different point of view on the nature. Turner always painted nature with feeling of strangeness and wonder while born in the country Constable displayed it with homely familiarity.
To sum up, English art of 17th–19th century can be divided into several big movements:
- landscape and portraits painting of 17-18th century;
- Romanticism in the end of 18th century and early 19th century;
- Victorian art of the middle and end of 19th century;
- wide variety of new genres and art forms of 20th century.
Nowadays London together with American New York is considered as an important art centre of the world. Artists of the most daring genres create their controversial works in UK. Young British Artists movement which features such world-known artists as Damien Hirst, Sam Taylor-Wood, Henry Bond and Tracey Emin became famous because of the shocking tactics they use in their works. But in UK nowadays there are many different art movements so artists of all genres feel comfortable working in this country.
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