Oil Paintings

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The first pictures made with paints that included oil are dated of 650 A. D., but the exact date of its creation is unknown. Oil paint is basically a pigment, a binder and a thinner, and development of all these three elements caused development of art processes during centuries.

Main facts about oil paints

This paint has several advantages that make it be one of the most popular now, even more popular than more practical acrylic paints:

The main element of the paint is linseed oil. It dries by oxidation so the paint changes into the gel and then becomes hard. The main disadvantage about oil paint is that it takes long time to dry.

How paint changed through centuries

Development of oil painting had a strong influence on Early Renaissance painting. In that time tempera was the most popular paint, but as a result of experiments of Northern Europe and Italy painters who tried to add various pigments to oil this new paint became popular between artists. This made tempera to almost disappear by the end of 15th century though some artists like Raphael and Leonardo da Vinci continued using tempera mixing it with oil.

The 16th century was the time when canvas replaced wooden panels and artists started to explore new ways to paint. Up to the 17th century, colour pigments were almost the same and didn't offer great choice so artists had to experiment much and mix colours to get new shades. The main change in Baroque period of the middle of 17th century was the discovery of Egyptian Blue colour that replaced Cobalt.

In 18th century Rococo and Neoclassic art were in trend, and both of them benefited from opportunity to create realistic images that oil paints give. This was also the period when landscape painting was finally considered as a serious art — oil paints gave it possibility to display all the beauty and variety of colours of the nature.

With a beginning of Modern Art era in 19th century, development of manufacturing processes and improving quality of oil artists could use it in a new way. Some experts think that without new pigments the whole new schools and art movements could not have appeared.

By the end of 20th century and beginning of 21st, oil still remains the most popular paint that gives an artist a lot of ways to use it.

At online gallery ART.Biz artists, buyers, collectors and dealers can buy, sell and display fine art artworks from all over the world. The gallery accepts only original paintings and offers shipping all over the world.

Romanticism  artwork painting 16 by Alexsandr Melnykov
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painting 16
by
Owner Alexsandr Melnykov
Impressionism  artwork Odessa Port by Vladimir Strelnikov
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Odessa Port
by
Owner Alexander Varvarenko
Romanticism  artwork River Girl by A. Villon
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Abstract  artwork Moi Chuzgie Berega by Alan Albeg
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Moi Chuzgie Berega
by
Owner Alan Albegov
$1 200
Abstract  artwork Nostalgia by Alan Albeg
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Nostalgia
by
Owner Alan Albegov
$1 000
Realism  artwork Dol. Horvatia. by VIKTOR ZHMAK
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Dol. Horvatia.
by
Owner VIKTOR ZHMAK
$650
Modern  artwork Serenada by Taras Bibilashvili
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Serenada
by
Owner Taras Bibilashvili
$3 800
Romanticism  artwork Painting 5 by Alexsandr Melnykov
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Painting 5
by
Owner Alexsandr Melnykov
Modern  artwork Yalta patio by Alyona Yaroshenko
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Yalta patio
by
Owner Alyona Yaroshenko
$500
Impressionism  artwork In snowy Moscow by Razzhivin
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African  artwork Different Worlds by Tatyana Binovska
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Different Worlds
by
Owner Tatyana Binovska
$8 000
Impressionism  artwork Alley by Glib Franko
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Alley
by
Owner Glib Franko
African  artwork ENJOYMENT by Tatyana Biovska
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ENJOYMENT
by
Owner Tatyana Binovska
$3 000