Oil Paintings

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The first pictures made with paints that included oil are dated of 650 A. D., but the exact date of its creation is unknown. Oil paint is basically a pigment, a binder and a thinner, and development of all these three elements caused development of art processes during centuries.

Main facts about oil paints

This paint has several advantages that make it be one of the most popular now, even more popular than more practical acrylic paints:

The main element of the paint is linseed oil. It dries by oxidation so the paint changes into the gel and then becomes hard. The main disadvantage about oil paint is that it takes long time to dry.

How paint changed through centuries

Development of oil painting had a strong influence on Early Renaissance painting. In that time tempera was the most popular paint, but as a result of experiments of Northern Europe and Italy painters who tried to add various pigments to oil this new paint became popular between artists. This made tempera to almost disappear by the end of 15th century though some artists like Raphael and Leonardo da Vinci continued using tempera mixing it with oil.

The 16th century was the time when canvas replaced wooden panels and artists started to explore new ways to paint. Up to the 17th century, colour pigments were almost the same and didn't offer great choice so artists had to experiment much and mix colours to get new shades. The main change in Baroque period of the middle of 17th century was the discovery of Egyptian Blue colour that replaced Cobalt.

In 18th century Rococo and Neoclassic art were in trend, and both of them benefited from opportunity to create realistic images that oil paints give. This was also the period when landscape painting was finally considered as a serious art — oil paints gave it possibility to display all the beauty and variety of colours of the nature.

With a beginning of Modern Art era in 19th century, development of manufacturing processes and improving quality of oil artists could use it in a new way. Some experts think that without new pigments the whole new schools and art movements could not have appeared.

By the end of 20th century and beginning of 21st, oil still remains the most popular paint that gives an artist a lot of ways to use it.

At online gallery ART.Biz artists, buyers, collectors and dealers can buy, sell and display fine art artworks from all over the world. The gallery accepts only original paintings and offers shipping all over the world.

Abstract  artwork "Violet dream" by Tetiana Shuliak
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"Violet dream"
by
Owner Tetiana Shuliak
$800
Abstract  artwork Exotic Still Life by Tensil
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Romanticism  artwork painting 16 by Alexsandr Melnykov
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painting 16
by
Owner Alexsandr Melnykov
Contemporary  artwork White day by Ivaniuk Olexiy
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White day
by
Owner Olexiy Ivaniuk
$2 700
Romanticism  artwork Painting 8 by Alexsandr Melnykov
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Painting 8
by
Owner Alexsandr Melnykov
Realism  artwork Salang by Alan Albeg
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Salang
by
Owner Alan Albeg
Romanticism  artwork painting 17 by Alexsandr Melnykov
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painting 17
by
Owner Alexsandr Melnykov
Minimalism  artwork Secret by Alan Albeg
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Secret
by
Owner Alan Albeg
$3 000
Abstract  artwork Inside Nature by Bahadur Singh
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Inside Nature
by
Owner Bahadur Singh
$800
Abst. Expressionism  artwork Tiia Relax by Gigi Gerardo La Porta
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Tiia Relax
by
Owner Gerardo La porta
Abstract  artwork World in progress IV by Auke Mulder
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World in progress IV
by
Owner Auke Mulder
$2 400
Modern  artwork The roses are red by Yuliana Fomenko
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Impressionism  artwork Waterloo Bridge by Alexander Poruchikov
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Waterloo Bridge
by
Owner Alexander Poruchikov
$20 000