Paintings of Seascape
People have always felt different about the sea: they adored it and were scared of it, endowed it with supernatural powers and believed that gods lived on the seabed. No one felt indifferent about the sea, and all these mixed feelings were represented in the art. Marine art is all about the sea. This genre includes various artworks dedicated to the sea including novels, songs, paintings, photography and all other types of folk and classical art.
Seascape — a visual part of marine art
Painters have always struggled to show the depth, transparency and changeability of the sea which can turn from dead calm to destructive storm almost in a moment. But the sea is not always a main hero of marine art. Boats, ships, shipwrecks, ports, sea battles, life episodes on the background of the sea or ocean can also be considered as marine art. Seascapes can also show sea life — various fish, plants and shells that can be found under the water layer.
Depicting the sea as the main object of the painting became popular by the end of Middle Ages. In that time ship portrait painting shown a single vessel in the sea, and the next stage of seascape development was drawing the sea itself. With the raise of landscape painting in the Renaissance time marine art started it's development which reached its apogee in 18th and 19th century.
Development of sea paintings
Russian marine artist Ivan Aivazovsky and British painter William Turner are definitely world most famous marine artists who are always associated with this style of art. But the first artworks on which we can sea motive where created in the earliest time. We can see different sea motives on Ancient vases and mosaics and Early Middle Ages period book illustrations.
The first significant raise marine art experienced in 17th century within Dutch Golden Age painting period. At that time an impressing marine canvas were created to show the power of Dutch navy. The most known works created within this movement include:
- Dutch Ships Ramming Spanish Galleys off the Flemish Coast in October 1602 by Hendrik Cornelisz Vroom;
- The Maas at Dordrecht by Aelbert Cuyp;
- View of Deventer Seen from the North-West by Salomon van Ruisdael.
During 18th century most of artists have developed Dutch marine painting style. In the 19th century this art style was developing under strong influence of Romanticism, and works created in this period had a strong accent on mysticism. Artists not only depicted the sea but tried to add some hidden meaning to it making a painting very impressing and emotional.
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