Since the moment people started to paint, artists have always invented new ways to describe the world and express their feelings. Sometimes new tools had been invented, but in other time absolutely new art styles appeared. Twentieth century was the time when artists came to an abstract art.
Abstract art: a challenge for intellect and emotions
Abstract art is a wide term that refers to any kind of art that doesn't portray objects in a recognizable way. There is no set definition of this term, and abstract art is sometimes called “geometric”, “non-objective” or “concrete”. This term is often used to describe all the movements that refer to this type of art: cubism, fauvism, suprematism, surrealism, abstract expressionism, Russian avant-garde, futurism, modernism, minimal art.
The language of abstract art is not as obvious as “traditional” art forms have. This type of visual art uses colours, shapes, lines to create the expressive images. By the end of XIX century the world was changing so quickly and dramatically that traditional tools weren't enough for artists to describe it. The goal of abstract artworks is not to simply describe something but to talk to viewers feelings and to make him or her turn inside and listen to themselves.
Extremely fast technical progress and fundamental changes in the society and philosophy, sequence of historical events in XX century made key artists of that time to search new decisions:
- Matiss, Picasso and Cezanne were the first to turn from traditional technique to something absolutely new;
- inspired by Monet's Haystack series, Wassily Kandinsky started to work in abstract technique in Russia — a music lover, he tries to express the beauty of sound with the help of paints and canvas;
- influenced by Cubism, Piet Mondrian creates his masterpieces with strict lines of geometric shapes.
The techniques were changed under the influence of key historical events of the time. Great Depression and Second World War changed the art dramatically — artists tend to reflect the world around them, and that time needed someone to tell about all the fear, complexity and danger of a new world.
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