Paintings from France
Long and magnificent history of French art can't be described shortly — as Paris remained a world art centre for many century, dozens of art styles and schools developed here, giving outstanding art genius to the world.
Main periods of French fine art development
While in the Middle Ages and Renaissance Italy stayed one of the most important art centres in the world, French painting experienced its growth in 19th and 20th century. But up to that time French art also had a noticeable development.
Most of critics agree that French painting tradition began in 1000 when first Romanesque book illustrations were created. The development of illustration technique continued up to 1350, when the Gothic art took leading position in all art areas including fine art.
By the end of 15th century French court was charmed by Italian Renaissance art and tried to invite artists to work for them, but at first stage only second-rate artists came. King Francis I seriously intended to make France a number one world centre so he put massive effort in developing arts. He invited two Italian artists to decorate the new hunting lodge in Fontainebleau, and they decorated it in sophisticated and elegant style which was the beginning of French Mannerism and the establishment of Fontainebleau school.
16th century was a period of portrait painting domination, and 17–18th centuries led to Baroque and Rococo styles development. 19th century brought the strong development of Neoclassical painting and was a period of Barbizon school which united several landscape painters who settled in the village to concentrate on development of the style they worked in.
This was also a century of great Impressionism raise. Manet, Degas, Monet, Pissarro and Sisley with no doubt changed the art history of their time creating magnificent and quite brave for that time paintings, which got harsh reviews from critics at the first time.
Art in France in the 20th century
By the middle of 20th century Paris had lost its art centre status, but in the beginning of the century dozens of styles quickly developed here:
- Fauvism (Matisse, Albert Marquet);
- Dadaism (Francis Picabia);
- Expressionism (Raoul Dufy, Georges Rouault);
- Cubism (Marcel Duchamp, Fernand Leger and other).
In the city lived many art collectors and dealers who organized exhibitions and shows.
Online gallery ART.biz is a best place to buy or sell artworks of French and other artists from all countries of the world. Have a look at our paintings and choose the one you like!